The teddy bears in this game are great.
I did what any sensible person in a room full of pots would do.
I decided to play Midnight Puppeteer.
Which vgperson said wasn’t a horror game.
Yet you repeatedly go through air vents.
In Pokémon X and Y, the Judge is an Ace Trainer located in the Kiloude City Pokémon Center. In addition to noting the overall total and highest IV of a Pokemon, he will make special comments if the Pokémon shown to him has an IV of 0 in any of its stats. The number of times Pokémon were judged by him are shown during Link Battles.
Three dog skulls from ‘Secrets of Bones’ hosted by Ben Garrod. The first image shows a regular dog skull; this contains both collagen, an organic compound, and calcium phosphate, a mineral compound.
In the images with the red gloves, another skull has been left in an oven for a few days. This has taken out all of the organic compounds, leaving just the mineral compounds. As you can see, this bone is too brittle to be of structural use.
In the images with the blue gloves, a skull has been soaked in formic acid for over a month. This removed the calcium phosphate from the bone but leaves the collagen. The surprising result is a very flexible skull.
Whaaaat. That is awesome.
If you haven’t seen ‘Secrets of Bones’ I’d highly recommend it. Here are links to the episodes on YouTube:
GO. Watch. Because I said so, that’s why!
I’ve always wondered why paleo artists always give theropods a crocodilian mouth, where you can see the corner of the mouth muscles.
If you look at a crocodilian skull the back of the upper jaw moves away from bottom jaw and Pterygoid(the bone in the back of the throat) is exposed and extremely pronounced. This would show that there is a major muscle there to connect the jaws together.
Where as with birds the upper jaw comes towards the bottom jaw, thus the corner of the mouth becomes a lip, and tends to meet under the eyes.
This is about the same for theropod dinosaurs. They always have the fenetre laterotemporale(the large hole behind the head) where a lot of the jaw muscles attach and feed behind the jugal bone and to the bottom jaw. I would expect more of a bird mouth with lips rather than a muscular pink tissue that would be showing off and more of a hidden muscle like a bird mouth.
now I could be wrong, but after working as a bird taxidermist and seeing how bird mouths work and look and after working on an alligator, i can see a major difference between the two.
Theropod dinosaurs don’t have the massive gap between the jaws that would possibly suggest more of a reptilian/crocodilian mouth, and would seem to have more of the bird like lip. Especially considering that theropod dinosaurs are the ancestors of birds, I would expect more of this.
I’ve never been to a dinosaur museum and the ones here are only replicas(allosaurus, triceratops, and apatorsaurus) so i’m limited at what skulls i can look at in person to better exam them, and the internet is so limited as to what angles I can see these skulls and if they are replicas/sculptures, or the real deal….and I can’t rotate them to get a full 360 view of what they look like….so this is the best that I can do with the resources I have.
I did a quick sketch of a Dilophosaurus skull and a fleshed out head at the top, the rest are google images i used as examples to better explain this.
Wow, I have never observed this difference before! It looks spot on to me, very astute. It makes sense that with all their birdy traits, they’d have birdy facial structure. Lovely sketch too (:
Thank you :D
And to further add onto this, if you look at these photos below, it further shows how the muscles attach in the skull of theropods, birds, and crocodilians, to further add onto this.
Theropod muscle attachments.
Bird Muscle Attachments
and crocodilian muscle attachments
now you have a more x-ray view of the differences.
The muscles attach in a completely different way and considering crocodilians have grown on a seperate branch of evolution that of dinosaurs and birds(even though they have the gene to grow feathers).
I wonder though if scientists have thought of this idea….I can understand with bigger theropods like tyrannosaurus or spinosaurus with having a bit of the pink muscle showing, but some bird species also somewhat show off a bit of meat in the corner of the mouth when they open them….but there would still be a closed lip gap under the eye to some extent, and not a crocodilian smile we see most of the time in paleolithic art.
as seen here….the gap would be a closed solid piece of skin.
I guess this would fall under the book “All Yesterdays” idea of a “shrunken skeleton”.
First, that bird skull isn’t from a bald eagle, it’s from a barn owl (same picture is, in fact, here on Wikipedia). I’m not sure what’s going on in the live-eagle picture, but that’s either a bad photoshop, a deformed beak, or a poor prosthetic. Actual, normal bald eagle skull and head:
Speaking as a very amateur paleontographer, I’d say it’s probably mostly one of the “artmemes” for this generation or so. Everyone “knows” that’s what dinosaurs look like because they’ve been seeing that general reconstruction since childhood in all kinds of models and artwork.
If you’re looking at birds, most raptors and passerines actually aren’t the best as the tissue that lines the corner of their mouth is essentially still beak, though it’s softer. Parrots, despite having a number of naked-faced species, are also highly modified and have, as I understand it, some unique mouth muscles.
The birds I’d recommend for dinosaurmouths are California Condors (naked skin shows underlying structures better, and they have a cheek-like extension of skin to give a more accurate cheek option for herbivores), gulls of all kinds (no gape, and are always making rude faces and trying to eat things bigger than their heads), ostriches (less derived, simple feathers on head), and galloanserans including chickens and geese (less derived, common, and have common behaviors that include a wide open beak)
bonus: never seen anyone add teeth to a tyrannosaur’s tongue, do it and see how it goes. Everyone gives dinosaurs boring crocodile tongues anyway.
I would like to add that, particularly for primitive theropods and sauropodomorphs, you should probably take a look at some non-archosaurian reptiles. Dinosaurs were not lepidosaurs or turtles, yes, but turtle beaks can give some better idea what to do with your ornithischians, and lepidosaurs are relatively conservative.
All pictures are from Wikimedia Commons (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) , except the Haliaeetus skull, which is from Digimorph. Digimorph is a great source of skull images for many species, including several fossil dinosaurs and some birds, and most specimens have very useful rotating views.
I just found this really weird mole on my hand should I get it checked ??
Being an adult doesn`t mean I can`t watch anime
So, pretty frequently writers screw up when they write about injuries. People are clonked over the head, pass out for hours, and wake up with just a headache… Eragon breaks his wrist and it’s just fine within days… Wounds heal with nary a scar, ever…
I’m aiming to fix that.
Here are over 100 links covering just about every facet of traumatic injuries (physical, psychological, long-term), focusing mainly on burns, concussions, fractures, and lacerations. Now you can beat up your characters properly!
PubMed: The source for biomedical literature
General overview: Includes degrees
Burn severity: Including how to estimate body area affected
Incisions and Lacerations
Essentials of skin laceration repair (including stitching techniques)
When to stitch (Journal article—Doctors apparently usually go by experience on this)
More about when to stitch (Simple guide for moms)
Incision vs. laceration: Most of the time (including in medical literature) they’re used synonymously, but eh.
Types of lacerations: Page has links to some particularly graphic images—beware!
Puncture wounds: Including a bit about what sort of wounds are most likely to become infected
Wound assessment: A huge amount of information, including what the color of the flesh indicates, different kinds of things that ooze from a wound, and so much more.
Tourniquet use: Controversy around it, latest research
Location pain chart: Originally intended for tattoo pain, but pretty accurate for cuts
General note: Deeper=more serious. Elevate wounded limb so that gravity draws blood towards heart. Scalp wounds also bleed a lot but tend to be superficial. If it’s dirty, risk infection. If it hits the digestive system and you don’t die immediately, infection’ll probably kill you. Don’t forget the possibility of tetanus! If a wound is positioned such that movement would cause the wound to gape open (i.e. horizontally across the knee) it’s harder to keep it closed and may take longer for it to heal.
Setting a broken bone when no doctor is available
General notes: If it’s a compound fracture (bone poking through) good luck fixing it on your own. If the bone is in multiple pieces, surgery is necessary to fix it—probably can’t reduce (“set”) it from the outside. Older people heal more slowly. It’s possible for bones to “heal” crooked and cause long-term problems and joint pain. Consider damage to nearby nerves, muscle, and blood vessels.
Mild Brain Injuries: The next step up from most severe type of concussion, Grade 3
Second impact syndrome: When a second blow delivered before recovering from the initial concussion has catastrophic effects. Apparently rare.
Symptoms: Scroll about halfway down the page for the most severe symptoms
General notes: If you pass out, even for a few seconds, it’s serious. If you have multiple concussions over a lifetime, they will be progressively more serious. Symptoms can linger for a long time.
Snake bites: No, you don’t suck the venom out or apply tourniquettes
When frostbite sets in: A handy chart for how long your characters have outside at various temperatures and wind speeds before they get frostbitten
Poisons: Why inducing vomiting is a bad idea
Dislocations: Symptoms 1, 2; treatment. General notes: Repeated dislocations of same joint may lead to permanent tissue damage and may cause or be symptomatic of weakened ligaments. Docs recommend against trying to reduce (put back) dislocated joint on your own, though information about how to do it is easily found online.
Current CPR practices: We don’t do mouth-to-mouth anymore.
The DSM IV, for all your mental illness needs.
Human response to electrical shock: Includes handy-dandy voltage chart
Acquired savant syndrome: Brain injuries (including a lightning strike) triggering development of amazing artistic and other abilities
Please don’t repost! You can find the original document (also created by me) here.
For all of those who want to learn a language but don’t know where to start, need extra help as you learn it, or if you’re just bored. These are the resources I’ve gathered over the last few months (feel free to add to it!)
General sites with grammar/sounds/pronunciation for a wide variety of languages
- My Languages
- BBC Language
- How to Learn Any Language
- Effective Language Learning
- The Polyglot Project
More specific sites, targeted at one language
- German here and here
- Spanish here and here
- French here here and here
- Italian here and here
- Japanese here
- Chinese here and here
- Korean here and here
- Vietnamese here
For all ya’ll auditory learners
-also, foreign language mixes on 8tracks
- some german ones
- a few spanish ones
- some french mixes
- some italian mixes
- some russian mixes
- some mandarin mixes
- some japanese mixes
Interactive language-exchanging sites where you can make friends and meet natives wOWie
Tips, advice, and motivation to give you that extra push
- 5 Tips to Get You Started
- a blog on language-hacking tips
- have some motivational videos that provide language courses (Speak from Day 1 and Pimsleur Approach)
- 6 ways to roll your r
- another language blog
For those interested in linguistics, here are 15 interesting articles on the field
i’ve found quite a few resources for irish gaelic, a really beautiful but complex language that you can challenge yourself to learn
- linguistic facts about the language and some study tips
- here’s an online radio
- pronunciation and a youtube channel
- Irish Language Today
If i find more content, I’ll edit this and add it right away. Good luck and have fun!
Some of this stuff and more found here in my resources post :D
Resources are da best because then you can’t use it as an excuse not to learn a language :3
They seized the opportunity, and slam dunked it so fucking hard
My classmates tell me my method is revolutionary, so I present it for your benefit. No guarantees for science papers (sorry).
- Pick your topic.
- Find books and articles on your topic. Do this at the actual library.
- Bring your references home. Start googling. You are not using Google to find you sources, but to find the right content within your primary sources. So, for example, I am currently writing a paper on Justin Martyr and inclusivism. I googled “Justin Martyr inclusivism” and was immediately presented with quotes which directed me to the relevant portions of his work. This cuts down on unnecessary reading time extensively.
- Fire up Amazon. Search for your secondary sources which are books on Amazon. Many of them will offer the “look inside” option. Use this to search for terms and names key to your topic. Even if you cannot view the results in the preview, you will get the page number and, again, will save a serious amount of time.
- Use to do the same thing with any books or articles which are not available to “look inside” on Amazon. Add “pdf” to your search of the work’s title for better results. If you don’t have very many good results, also be sure to use the index.
- Whenever you find a relevant quote or passage in a given work, mark it in your physical copy with a little post-it note. Read the surrounding paragraphs to see if they have other relevant info.
- Once you’ve put all your post-it notes in a given work, go back through and type (or copy from PDFs you found online) each relevant quote or fact. Put in your footnotes as you go; and sort your quotes into broad categories. When you are done, you will have a Word document with every quote and fact you need to reference in your paper. Your citations will be already done for you, and you will have familiarized yourself with your topic in the process.
- Now, take the assignment you were given. Use it to make an outline of your paper. Be detailed. Your outline should be at least a page long for every eight pages of paper you have to write. If you can make it even longer, do it. The current paper I’m writing is eight to ten pages; my outline was three pages; I just have to fill in the blanks.
- If your paper is longer than fifteen pages, drop the sources quotes in the outline as you go. Expect a very long outline.
- Now, write your paper. You have already done the bulk of the work, and this part will go very quickly. For total time, from research to final edits, anticipate about one hour per page for A-quality writing at a Master’s level of research. And you’re done.
That’s some good advice.
You are the worst person.
You can be a vegan and whine at people, thats hurting nobody but when you tell people to not take vaccines, you’re endangering public health.
If YOU mixed mercury, aluminium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, formaldehyde and viruses and injected it into someone, you’d kill someone because you have no pharmacological experience.
If someone in a lab mixed those together, they know how they work, they have medically assessed and peer reviewed evidence and strict guidelines to follow to create a safe and effective product. Why is it legal? Because they know what they’re doing and know how to spell “phosphate” and “ammonium”.
Why don’t YOU educate yourself instead of subscribing to the notion that all scientists are evil and want to poison you are your natural, vegan lifestyle. I say this as a fucking IMMUNOLOGIST, you are single handedly responsible for the skyrocketing resurgence of deaths caused by TB, measles and the worrying prospect of smallpox returning.
Let’s break this one down and give you some education.
- Mercury is an element in the compound thiomersal which was part of many vaccines. It has been claimed with NO tangible evidence other than a multifaceted correlation that thiomersals cause autism. This has been investigated thoroughly and no causal link has been found.
- Aluminium phosphate is an aluminium salt which is used as an adjuvant in vaccines. An adjuvant is a compound which causes an immune response to be higher and stronger, so that the immune system comes into contact with the attenuated virus more, so that it can recognise the antigens of the virus and provide immunity. They are a necessary part of the vaccine if you want it to work well.
- Ammonium sulfate is used in the process of purifying the proteins in the synthesis of a vaccine. It is also found in bread and flour, so you’d better learn to enjoy rice if you want to avoid it.
- Formaldehyde is used in the treatment and purification of vaccines and stops contamination. Most of this is removed before the vaccines is shipped, although some remains.
In my personal and scientifically backed opinion, the war against disease is a hundred fold more important than the mum-led war against vaccines. Do you want your child to die a slow, painful, agonising death? If not, then shut the fuck up with your so called “facts” you got from Yahoo Answers and get your kid vaccinated.
I am going to sound derogatory, but if you don’t have formal education in at least biology, you have no role to talk about the way vaccines should be done. You have no idea of the actual function and mechanism in which they work, and you have is a vague knowledge that mercury used to make people mad, formaldehyde is used in embalming and that ammonium sulfate and aluminium phosphate sound scary.
Vaccinate your kids if you want them to live. End of. If you don’t then you clearly don’t love your kids and would prefer to see them die of completely preventable diseases.
This has been a rage filled, alcohol induced response from a scientist.
bookmaking this to post on Facebook later
Yeah. no. The diseases we vaccinate against are horrible and can be fatal. Not just for your child that you refuse to vaccinate but vulnerable children who can’t be immunized or have compromised immune systems. Don’t be an asshat. Vaccinate your kids.
vaccinate your fucking kids
vaccinate your fucking pets
vaccinate your fucking self
I hate vaccine denialists with a violent, burning passion. The very premise indicates a complete and utter lack of understanding of how the thing they’re railing against works, and an even more complete lack of understanding of the severity of the diseases they’re blissfully supporting the spread of.
The first vaccine was the deliberate infection of someone with cowpox to avoid smallpox. If you get it, you will get a nasty lesion, and it often leaves a permanent scar. It has never been cleared for pregnant women and can mess you up bad if your immune system is weakened, and according to data from the 60s about .1% of people had a very severe reaction to it. A few died. Oh noes, so scary, they’re injecting live viruses into innocent kids, and there’s phenol in it, ZOMG THAT COMES FROM COAL TAR AND CAN GIVE YOU CHEMICAL BURNS. To this day, it’s one of the most dangerous vaccines.
Thing is? It’s still one hell of a lot less dangerous than smallpox.
You’ll be sick. It’ll hurt you. If you’re unlucky, it might hurt you pretty badly. If you’re really unlucky- about a one in a million chance (this is not a figure of speech, that is actually the number)- you might even die. All of which suck. But they suck quite a lot less than a disease that has anywhere from a 20-60% mortality rate in healthy adults, and upwards of 80% in infants. In the late 1700s, it was killing around 400,000 people annually in Europe, and a third of survivors were permanently blinded.
And thanks to that scary vaccine, it is now completely extinct in the wild.
"But that’s different!" you might say. "We’re not talking about that vaccine! Smallpox is way more dangerous!" So we’ll humor you, Vaccine Denier, and look at MMR instead.
It protects against three diseases: Measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles is the big one: A study in 1931 found a 2% mortality rate in normal infections, with a 32% mortality rate in cases that led to pneumonia. An outbreak in Fiji in 1875 killed 1/3 of the entire population. Nowadays, the mortality rate for it tends to be about .1% in developed countries, but as high as 10% when malnutrition and lack of access to medical care is an issue. Mumps won’t kill you, but the older you are the more likely it is to make you absolutely miserable, and it has a nasty habit of causing dudes’ balls to shrivel up (I’m not kidding, it literally does that), on occasion resulting in sterility. Rubella, a.k.a. German measles, is relatively innocuous in most people, but the effect it has on children whose mothers were infected during pregnancy is bad enough to make up for it.
As a result of the MMR vaccine, the incidence of measles has gone from “you will get it at some point in your life, period” to “almost nonexistent.” Back before the vaccine was introduced, 200,000 cases in a year in the US was an incredibly good year. The population of the US in 1950 was about half what it is now, so if that incidence was the case today, we’d be looking at at least 400 measles deaths a year in the US alone. If we assume the same incidence and survival rate everywhere in the world that we’d have in the US (haha no), that works out to 7.2 billion people worldwide * 4 measles deaths/3 million people = 9600 deaths annually, even with the best medical care currently available.
How many deaths are you attributing to MMR, again? Oh, wait, none.
"It causes autism!"
If you refuse to get your kid a MMR vaccination and they don’t get measles, you better thank everyone around you who isn’t a scientifically-illiterate vaccine-denying dumbass, because they’re the only reason your child isn’t suffering for your ignorance.
But I suppose this is getting quite tl;dr, so I will sum it up: If you agree with the original image, you have no idea what you’re talking about and I will kick you in the fucking head.
P.S. Have another link~.
Reblogging for commentary.
Pardon the brief dip into the gaming world for a moment here, but this — a part of the configuration screen from WildStar Online — is incredibly important.
I’ve been playing MMOs for 14 years now. I’ve worked with game developers, including one who’s color-blind. Even in his own games, he couldn’t tell what colors enemies were (colors would tell you if an enemy was significantly weaker/stronger than your character) or even simple things, like the color of his character’s own hair.
(I remember one conversation where he talked about making a night elf with “gorgeous dark skin and silver hair”. His character’s skin was actually purple, and his hair was teal.)
But this? This is a configuration open for combat that will customize enemy level displays for various forms of color-blindness. As far as I know, and I could be wrong, this never existed in older games, and I don’t think this existed even in games as recent-ish as World of Warcraft.
This is progress, folks. This is fucking awesome.
This is really cool.
THIS IS REALLY COOL.
When we were kids, my brother would try to get our dad, who is green-red colorblind, to play video games with us, but sometimes he would have to quit because he literally could not see who or where the enemies were.
Think of all the kids and adults who couldn’t play before. Think of the possibilities.